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How Adverse Childhood Experiences Relate to Wellbeing among College Students: The Role of Resilience and Depression.

点击次数:378 次  更新时间:2021-02-08

Mohammed-Hamid Osman kelifa, Yinmei Yang, Carly Herbert, Bo Wang, Peigang Wang*.

How Adverse Childhood Experiences Relate to Wellbeing among College Students: The Role of Resilience and Depression.

Journal of Happiness Studies,

DOI10.1007/s10902-020-00308-7

Abstract

The enduring and detrimental impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on later health and wellbeing is now well established. However, research on the relationship between ACEs and subjective wellbeing, along with the potential risk and protective factors, is insufficient in the context of developing countries. The current study therefore, examined the mental health of young adults from a wellbeing perspective in a community emerging from a longstanding war. A national representative sample of college students was withdrawn from the Eritrean Institutions of Higher Education using a stratified systematic sampling (N = 507). Data regarding ACEs, resilience, depression symptoms, and subjective wellbeing were obtained through a direct administration of survey questionnaire. Mediation and moderation effects were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). The results revealed that ACEs were negatively associated with resilience. In turn, resilience was correlated with lower depression and higher subjective wellbeing. ACEs had a positive association with depression, which in turn was negatively related to subjective wellbeing. Further, depression and resilience independently and jointly fully mediated the effect of ACEs on subjective wellbeing. Targeted interventions should be tailored to enhance resilience and prevent depression in this population.

Keywords: Adverse childhood experiences; Resilience; Depression; Subjective wellbeing

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武汉大学人口与健康研究中心是武汉大学校级学术研究平台,王培刚教授任中心主任,何启强教授任中心执行【详细】

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